• International Journal of Technology (IJTech)
  • Vol 5, No 1 (2014)

Surface Hardening of Tool Steel by Plasma Arc with Multiple Passes

Surface Hardening of Tool Steel by Plasma Arc with Multiple Passes

Title: Surface Hardening of Tool Steel by Plasma Arc with Multiple Passes
Mohd Idris Shah Ismail, Zahari Taha

Corresponding email:

Published at : 27 Jan 2014
Volume : IJtech Vol 5, No 1 (2014)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v5i1.156

Cite this article as:
Ismail, M.I.S., Taha, Z., 2014. Surface Hardening of Tool Steel by Plasma Arc with Multiple Passes. International Journal of Technology. Volume 5(1), pp. 79-87

Mohd Idris Shah Ismail Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Zahari Taha Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
Email to Corresponding Author

Surface Hardening of Tool Steel by Plasma Arc with Multiple Passes

Plasma arc surface hardening is an alternative selective surface hardening method that is effective, economical and a promising technology in heat treatment industries. In the present work, an investigation was carried out to study the hardness distributions of multiple passes in surface hardening of tool steel by plasma arc. The effects of multiple passes with overlapping and non-overlapping scans were investigated. The results show that the hardness is higher at centre of the plasma arc hardening tracks, and then decreasing in the region adjacent to each plasma arc track. It was found that the formation of hardened zone hardness in multiple passes non-overlapping scan is more uniform on the each scan when compared to the overlapping scan. However, hardness distribution of overlapping scan in width direction shows that it was more uniform compared with non-overlapping scan.

Hardness, Multiple passes, Plasma arc, Surface hardening


Bourithis, E., Tazedakis, A., Papadimitriou, G., 2002. A Study on the Surface Treatment of Calmax Tool Steel by a Plasma Transferred Arc (PTA) Process, Journal of Material Processing Technology, Volume 128, pp. 169-177 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(02)00447-8

Carslaw, H.S., Jaeger, J.C., 1959. Conduction of Heat in Solids, Oxford University Press,London http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3057871

Chu, P.K., Chen, J.Y., Wang, L.P., Huang, N., 2002. Plasma Surface Modification of Biomaterials, Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 36, pp. 143-206 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0927-796x(02)00004-9

Hwang, J.R., Fung, C.P., 1996. Effect of Electron Beam Surface Hardening on Fatigue Crack Growth Rate in AISI 4340 Steel, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 80, pp.271-278 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0257-8972(95)02469-7

Kraposhin, V.S., Bobrov, A.V., Gaponenko, O.S., 1983. Surface Hardening of 9KhF Steel by Heating with a Plasma Gun, Metal Science and Heat Treatment, Volume 31(11), pp.816-821 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00795563

Linnik, V.A., Onegina, A.K., Andrev, A.I., Aldarkin, K.K., Sinaiskii, V.M., Grigorenko, L.P.,1983. Surface Hardening of Steel by Plasma Hardening, Metalloyed Term Obrab Met., volume 4, pp. 2-5 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00778313

Luo, W., 2003. The Corrosion Resistance of 0Cr19Ni9 Stainless Steel Arc Welding Joints with and without Arc Surface Melting, Materials Science and Engineering A, Volume 345, pp.1-7 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0921-5093(02)00397-0

Nitkiewicz, Z., Jeiorski, L., 1991. Plasma Heat Treatment of Steel: Microstructures, Properties and Applications, Metal Science and Engineering, Volume A140, pp. 474-478 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0921-5093(91)90465-y

Pan, C.X., Chen, Y.W., Male, A.T., 2002. Microstructural Development in Plasma Jet Forming of Sheet Steels, Materials Science Technology, Volume 18, pp. 1151-1155 http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/026708302225006043

Pan, W.X., Meng, X., Li, G., Fei, Q.X., Wu, C.K., 2005. Feasibility of Laminar Plasma Jet Hardening of Cast Iron Surface, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 197, pp.345-350 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2004.06.043

Ruiz, J., Lopez, V., Fernandez, B.J., 1996. Effect of Surface Laser Treatment on the Microstructure and Wear Behaviour of Grey Iron, Materials and Design, Volume 17(5/6),pp. 267-273 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0261-3069(97)00020-4

Samotugin, S.S., 1998. Plasma Treatment of Tool Steels, Welding International, Volume 12(3),pp. 225-228 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09507119809448477

Selvan, J.S., Subramaniam, K., Nath, A.K., 1999. Effect of Laser Surface Hardening on En18 (AISI 5135) Steel, Journal of Material Processing Technology, Volume 91, pp. 29-36 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(98)00430-0

Song, R.G., Zhang, K., Chen, G.N., 2003. Electron Beam Surface Treatment. Part I: Surface Hardening of AISI D3 Tool Steel, Vacuum, Volume 69, pp. 513-516 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0042-207x(02)00583-3

Wang, J., Kusumoto, K., Nezu, K., 2001. Plasma Arc Cutting Torch Tracking Control, Science Technology of Welding and Joining, Volume 6(3), pp. 154-158 http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/136217101101538695

Yang, L.J., 1993. A Study of Laser Transformation Hardened DF2 Tool Steel Specimens, PhD Thesis, National University of Singapore

Yang, L.J., 2001. Plasma Arc Surface Hardening of ASSAB 760 Steel Specimens with Taguchi Optimization of the Processing Parameters, Journal of Material Processing Technology,Volume 113, pp. 521-526 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(01)00583-0