• Vol 7, No 3 (2016)
  • Metalurgy and Material Engineering

Densification Behavior of SnO2-Glass Composites Developed from the Incorporate of Silica Xerogeland SnO2

H. Aripin , Seitaro Mitsudo, I Nyoman Sudiana, Edvin Priatna, Hikamatsu Kikuchi, Svilen Sabchevski

Corresponding email: aripin@unsil.ac.id

Published at : 29 Apr 2016
IJtech : IJtech Vol 7, No 3 (2016)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v7i3.2903

Cite this article as:

Aripin, H., Mitsudo, S., Sudiana, I.N., Priatna, E., Kikuchi, H., Sabchevski, S., 2016. Densification Behavior of SnO2-Glass Composites Developed from the Incorporate of Silica Xerogeland SnO2. International Journal of Technology. Volume 7(3), pp.401-407

H. Aripin Faculty of Learning Teacher and Education Science, Siliwangi University, Tasikmalaya, Indonesia
Seitaro Mitsudo Research Center for Development of Far Infrared Region (FIR Center), University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan
I Nyoman Sudiana Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Haluoleo, Kendari, Indonesia
Edvin Priatna Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Siliwangi University, Tasikmalaya, Indonesia
Hikamatsu Kikuchi Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Engineering, University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan
Svilen Sabchevski Laboratory of Plasma Physics and Engineering, Institute of Electronics of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria
Email to Corresponding Author


In this investigation, SnO2-glass composites were produced by mixing SnO2 and amorphous silica xerogel (SX) extracted from sago waste ash. The composition was prepared by adding 5 mol% of SnO2 into SX; the samples were dry pressed and sintered in a temperature range between room temperature and 1500oC. Their properties were characterized on the basis of the experimental data obtained using Archimedes’ principle, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformed infra-red (FTIR), and a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was found that the bulk density increased along with the sintering temperature. In the temperature range from 1300oC to 1500oC, the glass ceramic reached a bulk density of about 2.5 g/cm3. The results of the interpretation of XRD patterns, FTIR spectra, and SEM images allow us to conclude that this increase in density was due to an increased degree of crystallinity of SnO2 in the silica xerogel composite.

Amorphous silica xerogel, Density, Glass composite, Sintering temperature, SnO2


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