• International Journal of Technology (IJTech)
  • Vol 7, No 3 (2016)

Synthesis, Characterization, and Photocatalytic Activity of Fe3O4@Zno Nanocomposite

Didin Sahidin Winatapura, Sari Hasnah Dewi, Wisnu Ari Adi

Corresponding email: didinsw@batan.go.id

Published at : 29 Apr 2016
Volume : IJtech Vol 7, No 3 (2016)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v7i3.2952

Cite this article as:

Winatapura, D.S., Dewi, S.H., Adi, W.A., 2016. Synthesis, Characterization, and Photocatalytic Activity of Fe3O4@Zno Nanocomposite. International Journal of Technology. Volume 7(3), pp.408-416

Didin Sahidin Winatapura Center for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials National Nuclear Energy Agency Kawasan Puspiptek, Serpong, Tangerang 15314 – Indonesia
Sari Hasnah Dewi Center for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials National Nuclear Energy Agency Kawasan Puspiptek, Serpong, Tangerang 15314 – Indonesia
Wisnu Ari Adi Center for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials National Nuclear Energy Agency Kawasan Puspiptek, Serpong, Tangerang 15314 – Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author


A magnetic Fe3O4@ZnO nanocomposite (NC) was successfully synthesized by a wet milling method using a high energy milling (HEM) machine. The magnetic Fe3O4@ZnO NC was characterized by an X-ray Diffractometer (XRD), scanning and transmission electron microscopes (SEM and TEM), and a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). X-ray diffraction results show that Fe3O4@ZnO NC consisted of ZnO and Fe3O4 phases. The microstructure analysis indicated that Fe3O4@ZnO NC presented a ZnO shell wrapped around the surface of a magnetic Fe3O4 surface. The average diameter of the aggregated Fe3O4 nanoparticle (NP) is 20 nm, while that of Fe3O4@ZnO NCs is nearly 30 nm. The Fe3O4 NP and Fe3O4@ZnO NC show typical superparamagnetic behavior with low coercivity. The saturation magnetization (Ms) of Fe3O4 NP was measured at about 66.26emu.g-1 and then declined to 34.79emu.g-1 after being encapsulated with a ZnO shell. The photoactivities of the Fe3O4@ZnO NC under UV irradiation were quantified by the degradation of a methylene blue (MB) dye solution. The result reveals that the photodegradation efficiency of Fe3O4@ZnO NC is favorable at pH neutral (pH = 7) reaching 100%. By increasing the MB dye concentration from 10 ppm to 40 ppm, the photodegradation efficiency decreases from 100% to 52%. The Fe3O4@ZnO NC can be easily collected by an external magnet. The magnetic Fe3O4@ZnO NC could be extended to various potential applications, such as purification processes, catalysis, separation, and photodegradation.

Fe3O4@ZnO nanocomposite, Methylene blue, Photocatalytic activity, Photodegradation, Wet milling


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