• Vol 4, No 1 (2013)
  • Chemical Engineering

Intercalation of Anthranilate Ion Into Zinc-Aluminium-Layered Double Hydroxide

Mazidah Mamat, Eny Kusrini, Asmah Hj. Yahaya, Mohd Zobir Hussein , Zulkarnain Zainal

Corresponding email: mazidahmamat@umt.edu.my

Published at : 17 Jan 2014
IJtech : IJtech Vol 4, No 1 (2013)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v4i1.99

Cite this article as:
Mamat, M., Kusrini, .E., Yahaya, A.H., Hussein, M.Z., Zainal, Z., 2013. Intercalation of Anthranilate Ion Into Zinc-Aluminium-Layered Double Hydroxide. International Journal of Technology. Volume 4(1), pp. 73-80

Mazidah Mamat Advanced Materials Research Group, Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu Darul Iman, Malaysia
Eny Kusrini Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, 16424 Depok, Indonesia
Asmah Hj. Yahaya Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Mohd Zobir Hussein Nanomaterials Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Zulkarnain Zainal Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Email to Corresponding Author


Nanocomposites of zinc-aluminium-anthranilate (ZAAN) have been synthesized at different concentrations of anthranilic acid by co-precipitation method. These materials have been examined in detail by powder X-ray powder diffraction (PXRD) which showed the expansion of the basal spacing from 0.89 to ca. 1.33 nm and the shifting of the 003 peak towards the lower 2q angle. This indicates that the anthranilate anion was successfully intercalated into the interlayer gallery. However, FTIR analysis showed nitrate anion was also co-intercalated in the interlayer. The resulting nanocomposites show Type IV adsorption-desorption isotherms indicated the mesoporous structure of the material. BET surface area was found to be slightly different compared to zinc-aluminium-nitrate-layered double hydroxide (ZANO) after the intercalation process took place. Both ZANO and ZAAN have similar surface morphology, namely a flaky-like structure, but they are of different sizes.

Anthranilic Acid, Intercalation, Layered Double Hydroxide, Nanocomposites


Choy, J-H., Jung, J-S., Oh, J-M., Park, M., Jeong, J., Kang, Y-K. and Han, O-J. 2004. Layered Double Hydroxide As An Efficient Drug Reservoir For Folate Derivatives. J. Biomaterials, 25: 3059-3064.

Cursino, A.C.T., Gardolinski, J.E.F.C. and Wypych, F. 2010. Intercalation of anionic organic ultraviolet ray absorbers into layered zinc hydroxide nitrate. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 347: 49-55.

Ding, P. and Qu, B. (2005). Synthesis And Characterization Of Exfoliated Polystyrene/Zn/Al Layered Double Hydroxide Nanocomposite Via Emulsion Polymerization. Colloid and Interface Science, 291: 13-18.

El-Toni, A.M., Yin, S. and Sato, T. 2006. Silica Coating And Photochemical Properties Of Layered Double Hydroxide/4,4’-Diaminostilbene–2,2’-Disulfonic Acid Nanocomposite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 293: 449-454.

Fang, J-G., Liu, Y-H., Wang, W-Q., Xie, W., Fang, S-X. and Han, H-G. 2005. The Anti-Endotoxic Effect Of O-Aminobenzoic Acid From Radix Isatidis. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, 26(5): 593-597.

Feng, F., Li, D., Wang, Y., Evans, D.G. and Duan, X. 2006. Synthesis And Characterization Of A UV Absorbent-Intercalated Zn-Al Layered Double Hydroxide. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 91: 789-794.

Ferreira, O.P., de Moraes, S.G., Durán, N., Cornejo, L. and Alves, O.L. 2006. Evaluation Of Boron Removal From Water By Hydrotalcite-Like Compounds, Chemosphere, 62: 80-88.

Jones, W. and Newman, S. P. 1998. Synthesis, Characterization And Applications Of Layered Double Hydroxides Containing Organic Guests, New J. Chem. 22(2): 105-115.

Li, F., Zhang, L.H., Evans, D.G., Forano, C. and Duan, X. 2004. Structure and Thermal Evolution of Mg/Al Layered Double Hydroxide Containing Interlayer Organic Glyphosate Anions. Thermochim Acta, 424: 15-23.

Miyata, S. 1980. Physico-chemical Properties of Synthetic Hydrotalcites in Relation to Composition. Clays and Clay Minerals, 28: 50-56.

Pavia, D.L., Lampman, G.M, and Kriz, G.S. 2001. Introduction to Spectroscopy A Guide For Student of Organic Chemistry. Western Washington University. pp.579.

Rey, S., Merida-Robles, J., Han, K.S., Guerlou-Demourgues, L., Delmas, C. and Duguet, E. 1999. Acrylate Intercalation and In Situ Polymerization In Iron Substituted Nickel Hydroxides. Polym. Int., 48 (4): 277-282.

Rives, V. and Ulibarri, M.A. 1999. Layered Double Hydroxides (LDH) Intercalated with Metal Coordination Compounds And Oxometalatescoord. Chem. Rev., 181: 61-120.

Sing, K.S.W., Everett, D.H, Haul, R.A.W., Moscou, L., Pierotti, R.A., Rouquerol, J. and Siemieniewska, T. 1985. Reporting Physisorption Data For Gas/Solid Systems with Special Reference on the Determination of Surface Area and Porosity. Pure & Appl. Chem., 57(4), 603-619.

Tang, P., Xu, X., Lin, Y. and Li, D. 2008. Enhancement of the Thermo- and Photostability of an Anionic Dye by Intercalation in a Zinc-Aluminum Layered Double Hydroxide Host. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 47 (8): 2478-2483.