• International Journal of Technology (IJTech)
  • Vol 3, No 1 (2012)

Towards 4G Mobile Technology: Identifying Windows of Opportunity for A Developing Country

Towards 4G Mobile Technology: Identifying Windows of Opportunity for A Developing Country

Title: Towards 4G Mobile Technology: Identifying Windows of Opportunity for A Developing Country
Muhammad Suryanegara, Kumiko Miyazaki

Corresponding email:

Published at : 17 Jan 2014
Volume : IJtech Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v3i1.76

Cite this article as:
Suryanegara, M., Miyazaki, K., 2012. Towards 4G Mobile Technology: Identifying Windows of Opportunity for A Developing Country. International Journal of Technology. Volume 3(1), pp. 85-92

Muhammad Suryanegara Graduate Program of Management of Telecommunications, Department of Electrical Engineering Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Kumiko Miyazaki Graduate School of Innovation Management, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro 152-8550, Japan
Email to Corresponding Author

Towards 4G Mobile Technology: Identifying Windows of Opportunity for A Developing Country

Mobile technology is continuously evolving towards the development of fourth generation (4G) cellular telephony. Many countries are anticipating such a new technological deployment while developing countries may also see it as the opportunity for catching up. Within the orientation of innovation building, 4G may act as the medium for triggering country’s innovation policies. This paper aims to identify the windows of opportunity from the upcoming implementation of 4G mobile technology. The methodology is constructed based on the perspective of an innovation system in which mobile cellular is regarded as a series of technological innovations. By utilizing the relevant data of 3G and 4G standard development, we predicted the 4G implementation profile. They consist of a set of technologies which can be the main area of science and technology (S&T) as well as research and development (R&D) activities in a developing country. Policymakers may utilize such opportunities to foster the acquisition and generation of the relevant knowledge in both manufacturing and service industries.

4G, Developing country; Innovation, Mobile technology, Windows of opportunity


Bell, G., Callon, M., 1994. Techno-economic Networks and Science and Technology Policy. OECD STI Review, Vol. 14, pp.59–118.

Coombs, R., Saviotti, P., and Walsh, V., 1987. Economics and Technological Change. London: Macmillan Education.

Hobday, M., 1995. “Innovation in East Asia: The Challenge to Japan”. UK: Edwar Elgar Publishing.

ITU, International Telecommunication Union, 2008. Background on IMT-Advanced, Document IMT-ADV/1-E. Retrieved from ITU Website http://www.itu.int/md/R07-IMT.ADV-C-0001/en

Maeda, T., Amar, A.D., Gibson, A., 2006. “Impact of Wireless Telecommunications Standards and Regulation on the Evolution of Wireless Technologies and Services Over Internet Protocol”. Telecommunications Policy, Vol. 30, Issue 10-11, pp.587-604.

Malerba, F., 2004. ”Chapter 14: Sectoral System, How and Why Innovation Differs Across Sectors”. In J. Fagerberg, D.C. Mowery, and R.R Nelson (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Innovation. Oxford University Press.

McFetridge, D.G., 1999. “Competition Policy and Cooperative Innovation”. in RJ Braudo and JG. Macintosh. Eds. Competitive Industrial Development in The Age of Information: The Role of Cooperation in Technology Sector. London and New York: Routledge.

McKelvey, B., 2002. “Managing Coevolutionary Dynamics”. Presented at the 18th EGOS Conference, Barcelona, Spain, July 4–6, 2002.

Nelson, R.R., Winter, S.G., 1982. An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change, Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Perez, C., Soete, L., 1988. “Catching Up in Technology: Entry Barriers and Windows of Opportunity”. In G. Dosi, et al., (Eds.), Technical Change and Economic Theory, pp. 458-479. London and New York. Pinter Publishers.

Porter, A.L., Roper, A.T., Mason, T.W., Rossini, F.A., Banks, J., 1991. “Forecasting and Management of Technology”. John Wiley and Sons.

Ro, T.S., Kim, J.C., 1996. “Evolution of the Communications Industry in Advanced Countries: Implication for the Policy Direction of Korea”. Telematics and Informatics. Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 199-211.

Schumpeter, J.A., 1928. “The Instability of Capitalism”. The Economic Journal, Vol. 38, No.151, pp. 361-386.

Sotarauta, M., Srinivas, S., 2006. “Co-evolutionary Policy Processes: Understanding Innovative Economies and Future Resilience”. Futures, Vol. 38, Issue 3, pp. 312–336.

Suryanegara, M., Miyazaki, K., 2010a. “Technological Changes in the Innovation System Towards 4G Mobile Service”. International Journal of Technology Policy and Management, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 375-394.

Suryanegara, M., Miyazaki, K., 2010b. “A challenge towards 4G: the strategic perspective of Japanese operators in a mature market”. Paper presented in Technology Management for Global Economic Growth (PICMET) 2010, 18-22 July 2010, Phuket, Thailand: PICMET.

Tether, B., Howells, J., 2007. “Chapter 2: Changing understanding of Innovation in services”. Innovation in Services, DTI Economics Paper, UK

Vanston, L.K., Hodges, R.L., 2004. “Technology forecasting for telecommunications”. Telektronikk, Vol. 100, No. 4, pp.32–42.