• Vol 5, No 1 (2014)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Application of Adsorption Models for Fluoride, Nitrate and Sulfate Removal by AMX Membrane

Chiraz Hannachi, Fatma Guesmi, Khaoula Missaoui, Béchir H amrouni


Cite this article as:
Hannachi, C., Guesmi, F., Missaoui, K., Hamrouni, B., 2014. Application of Adsorption Models for Fluoride, Nitrate and Sulfate Removal by AMX Membrane. International Journal of Technology. Volume 5(1), pp. 60-69
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Chiraz Hannachi University Tunis EL MANAR, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, UR11ES17 Treatment and Water Desalination, 2092 Tunis, Tunisia
Fatma Guesmi University Tunis EL MANAR, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, UR11ES17 Treatment and Water Desalination, 2092 Tunis, Tunisia
Khaoula Missaoui University Tunis EL MANAR, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, UR11ES17 Treatment and Water Desalination, 2092 Tunis, Tunisia
Béchir H amrouni University Tunis EL MANAR, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, UR11ES17 Treatment and Water Desalination, 2092 Tunis, Tunisia
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Abstract
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An anion exchange membrane, (AMX) that carries a quaternary ammonium functional group has been investigated for its adsorption of fluoride, nitrate and sulfate from aqueous solutions. Fitting of the Freundlich, Langmuir, and Dubinin–Radushkevich adsorption models to the equilibrium data was performed at different temperatures in the range of 283?313K. The sorption parameters of the studied models were determined by linear regression and discussed. Adsorption analysis results obtained at various temperatures showed that the adsorption pattern on the membrane followed Langmuir isotherms. Thermodynamic studies revealed that the adsorption of the AMX membrane to the studied ions was spontaneous. The 0 ?GT values suggested the affinity order of the membrane for the studied anions. At 283K and 298K, the affinity order was: ? ? ? SO ? NO3 ? F 2 4 . This order was: ? ? ? ? ? 3 2 F SO4 NO at 313K. The standard enthalpy change and the standard entropy change were found to be ?11.63 kJ/mol and ?9.93 J/mol. K for the adsorption of nitrate, 7.42 kJ/mol and 58,73 J/mol. K for the adsorption of sulfate, and 74.21 kJ/mol and 274.9 J/mol. K for the adsorption of fluoride, respectively. The negative values of standard free energy 0 ?GT indicate the spontaneous natures of adsorption of studied anions onto the AMX membrane.

Adsorption models, AMX membrane, Fluoride, Nitrate, Sulfate

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