• Vol 8, No 6 (2017)
  • Civil Engineering

Geotechnical Characteristics of Bantargebang Solid Landfill Waste Using a Laboratory Test on Artificial Waste Samples and a Field Test

Erly Bahsan, G.S. Boedi Andari, Sarah Pramiarsih, Syahrizal A. Latief

Cite this article as:

Bahsan, E., Andari, G.B., Pramiarsih, S.Latief, S.A., &  2017. Geotechnical Characteristics of Bantargebang Solid Landfill Waste Using a Laboratory Test on Artificial Waste Samples and a Field Test. International Journal of Technology. Volume 8(6), pp.1012-1020

Erly Bahsan - Department of Civil Engineering, University of Indonesia
G.S. Boedi Andari Department of Civil Engineering, University of Indonesia
Sarah Pramiarsih Department of Civil Engineering, University of Indonesia
Syahrizal A. Latief Department of Civil Engineering, University of Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author


To analyze the stability of landfill waste, it is necessary to know the geotechnical characteristics of the solid waste material, especially the parameters related to the stability calculation such as the strength parameters (cohesion and friction angle). The physical properties of the materials are also important, as well as the composition of the waste. This study conducts laboratory and field tests to obtain the aforementioned characteristics from a typical urban landfill in Indonesia. The case study is taken to be the TPST Bantargebang landfill. Due to the difficulties in obtaining an undisturbed sample from landfill waste, a laboratory test was conducted using artificial solid waste samples. The strength parameters of the artificial waste samples were determined using a direct shear test. Besides the laboratory test, field tests (cone penetration test (CPT) and dynamic cone penetrometer test (DCPT)) were also conducted on the closed landfill zones in TPST Bantargebang to obtain the typical bearing capacity of the fill materials. The results of the direct shear test show that the cohesion value of the waste material aligns with the initial compression: higher compression results in higher cohesion, while the contrary applies to the friction angle. The cohesion values range from 0 to 41 kPa, and the friction angle ranges from 0 to 26°. The cone resistance value (qc) up to a depth of 10 m is in the range of 2 to 10 MPa. The equivalent CBR  (California Bearing Ratio) value from the DCPT ranges from 4% to 21%. Despite the large variability of the bearing capacity at the top layers, as shown by the DCPT results, the CPT results in the field reveal that the bearing capacity (also the strength characteristics) of the waste materials shows linear increase in line with the depth.

Artificial sample; Geotechnical characteristics; Landfill; Solid waste; Stability


Basyarat, A., 2006. Study on the Determination of Leuwinanggung Landfill Location in Depok City (Kajian Terhadap Penetapan Lokasi TPA Sampah Leuwinanggung Kota Depok). Master Thesis, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang (in Bahasa)

Dhokhikah, Y., Trihadiningrum, Y., 2012. Solid Waste Management in Asian Developing Countries: Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, Volume 2(7), pp. 329–335

Dixon, N., Jones, D.R., 2005. Engineering Properties of Municipal Solid Waste. Journal of Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Volume 23, pp. 205–233

Gerina-Ancane, A., Eiduka, A., 2016. Research and Analysis of Absorbent Hygiene Product (AHP) and Recycling. In: Proceedings, Engineering for Rural Development, Jelgava, 25-27 May, Latvia

James, J., Lakshmi, S.V., Pandian, P.K., 2017. A Preliminary Investigation on the Geotechnical Properties of Blended Solid Wastes as Synthetic Fill Material. International Journal of Technology. Volume 8(3), pp. 466–476

Kardono, 2007. Integrated Solid Waste Management in Indonesia. In: Proceedings of International Symposium on EcoTopia Science 2007, pp. 629–633

Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum, 2010. Circular Letter of Minister of Public Works No.04/SE/M/2010 on the Implementation of California Bearing Ratio Test Guidelines with Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (Surat Edaran Menteri Pekerjaan Umum No. 04/SE/M/2010 tentang Pemberlakukan Pedoman Cara Uji California Bearing Ratio, CBR dengan Dynamic Cone Penetrometer, DCP).  (in Bahasa)

Machado, S.L., Carvalho, F.M., Vilar, O.M., 2002. Constitutive Model for Municipal Solid Waste. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Volume 128, pp. 940–951, American Society of Civil Engineers

National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), 2001. Guide for Mechanistic-Empirical Design of New and Rehabilitated Pavement Structures: Appendix CC-1. Transportation Research Board

Qodir, A., 2016. Landslide on Bantar Gebang Landfill, 1 Scavenger Killed (Gunung Sampah TPA Bantar Gebang Longsor, 1 Pemulung Tewas). Available online at: http://www.tribunnews.com/metropolitan/2016/01/27/gunung-sampah-tpa-bantar-gebang-longsor-1-pemulung-tewas, Accessed on 18 April 2017

Rawtec, 2013. Absorbent Hygiene Products Waste Review of South Australia. Report funded and Commissioned by Government of South Australia

Stark, T.D., Huvaj-Sarihan, N., 2009. Shear Strength of Municipal Solid Waste for Stability Analyses. Journal of Environment and Geology, Volume 57, pp. 1911–1923

State Ministry of Environment the Republic of Indonesia, 2008. Indonesian Domestic Solid Waste Statistics: Year 2008

Zhan, T.L.T., Ling, W.A., 2008. Shear Strength Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste at the Suzhou Landfill, China. Journal of Engineering Geology, Volume 97, pp. 97–111