• Vol 7, No 8 (2016)
  • Metalurgy and Material Engineering

The Influence of Deposition Time and Substrate Temperature during the Spray Pyrolysis Process on the Electrical Resistivity and Optical Transmittance of 2 wt% Fluorine-doped Tin Oxide Conducting Glass

Tri Arini, Akhmad Herman Yuwono, Latifa Hanum Lalasari, Nofrijon Sofyan, Ghiska Ramahdita, F. Firdiyono, Achmad Subhan, Chairul Hudaya


Publish at : 30 Dec 2016 - 00:00
IJtech : IJtech Vol 7, No 8 (2016)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v7i8.7065

Cite this article as:
Arini, T.., Yuwono, A.H.., Lalasari, L.H.., Sofyan, N.., Ramahdita, G.., Firdiyono, F.., Subhan, A.., Hudaya, C.., 2016. The Influence of Deposition Time and Substrate Temperature during the Spray Pyrolysis Process on the Electrical Resistivity and Optical Transmittance of 2 wt% Fluorine-doped Tin Oxide Conducting Glass. International Journal of Technology. Volume 7(8), pp.1335-1343
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Tri Arini Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Akhmad Herman Yuwono Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia. Tropical Renewable Energy Center (TREC), Faculty of Enginee
Latifa Hanum Lalasari Research Center for Metallurgy and Materials, LIPI Puspiptek Serpong, Cisauk-Banten 15314, Indonesia
Nofrijon Sofyan Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia. Tropical Renewable Energy Center (TREC), Faculty of Enginee
Ghiska Ramahdita Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia. Tropical Renewable Energy Center (TREC), Faculty of Enginee
F. Firdiyono Research Center for Metallurgy and Materials, LIPI Puspiptek Serpong, Cisauk-Banten 15314, Indonesia
Achmad Subhan Research Center for Physics, LIPI Puspiptek Serpong, Cisauk-Banten 15314, Indonesia
Chairul Hudaya Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract

Transparent conducting oxide (TCO) glasses play an important role in various technology, including dye sensitized solar cells. One of the most commonly used glass is indium tin oxide (ITO) glass, which is expensive. Therefore, the main purpose of this research was to determine if ITO glass can be replaced with fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass, which is easier and more economic to manufacture. For this purpose, a tin chloride dehydrate (SnCl2.2H2O) precursor was doped with ammonium fluoride (NH4F) using a sol-gel method and spray pyrolysis technique to investigate the fabrication process for conductive glass. NH4F was doped at a ratio of 2 wt% in the SnCl2.2H2O precursor at varying deposition times (10, 20, and 30 minutes) and substrate temperatures (250, 300, and 350°C). The results revealed that longer deposition times created thicker glass layers with reduced electrical resistivity. The highest optical transmittance was 75.5% and the lowest resistivity was 3.32´10-5 ?.cm, obtained from FTO glass subjected to a 20-minute deposition time at deposition temperature of 300oC.

Ammonium fluoride doping; Conductive glass; Electrical resistivity; Optical transmittance; Tin chloride dehydrate