• Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
  • Electrical, Electronics, and Computer Engineering

Implementation of 3D HRTF Interpolation in Synthesizing Virtual 3D Moving Sound

Hugeng , Jovan Anggara, Dadang Gunawan


Publish at : 30 Jan 2017 - 00:00
IJtech : IJtech Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v8i1.6859

Cite this article as:
Hugeng., Anggara, J.., & Gunawan, D.. 2017. Implementation of 3D HRTF Interpolation in Synthesizing Virtual 3D Moving Sound. International Journal of Technology. Volume 8(1), pp.186-195
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Hugeng Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Informatics, Universitas Multimedia Nusantara, Jl. Scientia Boulevard, Gading Serpong, Tangerang 15810, Indonesia
Jovan Anggara Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Informatics, Universitas Multimedia Nusantara, Jl. Scientia Boulevard, Gading Serpong, Tangerang 15810, Indonesia
Dadang Gunawan Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
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Abstract

3D sound is a new trend in various media, such as movies, video games, and musicals. Interpolated head-related transfer functions (HRTFs) are a key factor in its production, due to real-time system limitations in storing measured HRTFs. In addition, the interpolation of HRTFs can reduce the need to measure a large amount of HRTFs and the associated effort. In this research, we used the PKU-IOA HRTF Database and covered three interpolation techniques, namely bilinear rectangular, bilinear triangular, and tetrahedral. Bilinear interpolations can be used to compute weights in interpolating measured HRTFs in a linear fashion, with respect to azimuth and elevation angles. Such interpolations have been proposed for three measurement points that form a triangle or for four measurement points that form a rectangle, surrounding the HRTF at a desired point. These geometrical approaches compute weights from a distance of the desired point from each measurement point. Tetrahedral interpolation, meanwhile, is a technique for HRTF measurements in 3D (i.e. azimuth, elevation, and distance) using barycentric weights. Based on our experiments, 3D tetrahedral interpolation results in the best average mean square error (MSE) of 3.72% for minimum phase head related impulse responses (HRIRs) and best average spectral distortion (SD) of 2.79 dB for magnitude HRTFs, compared to 2D bilinear interpolations (i.e. rectangular and triangular interpolation). Regarding the latter, bilinear rectangular interpolation generally performs better than the triangular variety. Additionally, the use of minimum phase HRIRs as input data results in more optimal interpolated data than magnitude HRTFs. We therefore propose an optimal framework for obtaining estimated HRIRs by interpolating minimum phase HRIRs using tetrahedral interpolation. Such HRIRs have been simulated to produce virtual 3D moving sound in a horizontal plane with a difference of 2.5o of azimuth angle. The simulated moving sound that is heard moves naturally in a clockwise direction from an azimuth angle of 0o to 360o.

Bilinear interpolation; HRIR interpolation; HRTF interpolation; Tetrahedral interpolation