• Vol 7, No 4 (2016)
  • Electrical, Electronics, and Computer Engineering

A Simple Three Branch Optical Power Splitter Design based on III-Nitride Semiconductor for Optical Telecommunication

Retno Wigajatri Purnamaningsih, Nyi Raden Poespawati, Elhadj Dogeche, Dimitris Pavlidis


Cite this article as:

Purnamaningsih, R.W., & Poespawati, N.R.& Dogeche, E.Pavlidis, D., 2016. A Simple Three Branch Optical Power Splitter Design based on III-Nitride Semiconductor for Optical Telecommunication. International Journal of Technology. Volume 7(4), pp.701-708

101
Downloads
Retno Wigajatri Purnamaningsih Laboratory of Optoelectronics, Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Nyi Raden Poespawati Laboratory of Optoelectronics, Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Elhadj Dogeche Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, Optoelectronics Group (IEMN CNRS UMR 8520), Cite’ scientifique, 59650 Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
Dimitris Pavlidis Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, 8 St Mary’s St, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract
image

We propose a simple design of 1×3 optical power splitter which uses gallium nitride (GaN) on sapphire. The design consists of widely used large cross section input rib waveguide, a rectangular multimode interference (MMI) structure, and three-branch rib waveguides. The MMI structure is selected since their attractive performances, such as compactness, low excess loss, wide bandwidth and ease to fabricate. The power splitter is designed for the third telecommunication window, i.e., l = 1.55 µm. Optimization of the geometrical structure parameters for the design is conducted theoretically utilizing 3D FD-BPM method. It is found that the power splitter exhibits excess loss of 0.46 dB and imbalanced of 0.001 dB at l = 1.55 µm for

GaN; MMI structure, Optical power splitter, Optical communication, Three branches

References

Arviza, A., Purnamaningsih, R.W., 2014. Design of S-Bend Y-Branch Power Splitterwith MMI Structure. In: Proceeding of SPIE, International Seminar on Photonics, Optics, and Its Application, pp. 9444111-9444115

Besley, J.A., Love, J.D., Langer, W., 1998. A Multimode Planar Power Splitter. Journal of Lightwave Technology, Volume 16(4), pp. 678-684

Choi, C.G., Han, S.H., Kim, B.C., Ahn, S.H., Jeong, M.Y., 2003. Fabrication of Large-core1 16 Optical Power Splitters in Polymers using Hot-embossing Process. IEEE Photonic Technology Letters,Volume 15(6), pp. 825-827

Fardad, M.A., Fallahi, M., 1999. Sol-gel Multimode Interference Power Splitters. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Volume 11, pp. 697–699

Jenkins, R.M., Deveraux R.W.J., Heaton, J.M., 1992. Waveguide Beam Splitters and Recombiners based on Multimode Propagation Phenomena. Optic Letters, Volume 17(14), pp. 991-993

Malek, Z., Didier, D., Joseph, H., Vincent, M., Xavier, W., Jean, C., 2009. A New Low Crosstalk InP Digital Optical Switch based on Carrier-induced Effects for 1.55 ?m Applications. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Volume 21(8), pp. 546-548

Oh, M.C., Kim, K.J., Chu, W.S., Kim, J.W., Seo, J.K., Noh, Y.O., Lee, H.J., 2011. Integrated Photonic Devices Incorporating Low-loss Fluorinated Polymer Materials. Polymers, Volume 3, pp. 975–997

Prajzler, V., Mastera, R., Spirkova, J., 2015. Large Core Three Branch Polymer Power Splitter. Radioengineering, Volume 24(4), pp. 885-891

Purnamaningsih, R.W., Poespawati, N.R., Saraswati, I., Dogheche, E., 2014. Design of GaN based Optical Modulator with Mach-Zender Interferometer Structure. WSEAS Transaction on Communications, Volume 13, pp. 229-233

Purnamaningsih, R.W., Poespawati, N.R., Saraswati, I., Dogheche, E., 2015. Design of GaN-based Low Loss Y-Branch Power Splitter. Makara Journal of Technology, Volume 18(3), pp. 101-106

Rasmussen, T., Rasmussen, J.K., Povlsen, J.H, 1995. Design and Performance Evaluation of 1-by-64 Multimode Interference Power Splitter for Optical Communications. IEEE Electronic Letters, Volume 13(10), pp. 2069-

Saraswati, I., Poespawati, N.R., Retno W.P., Dogheche, E., Decoster, D., Ko, S., Cho, Y.H., Considine, L., Pavlidis, D., 2012. Investigation of Structural Morphological and Optical Properties of GaN/AlGaN Heterostructures. Photonic Global Conference, Singapore

Singh, G., Yadav, R.P., Janyani, V., 2009. Multimode Interference (MMI) Coupler based All Optical Switch: Design, Applications & Performance Analysis. International Journal on Recent Trends in Engineering, Volume 1(3), pp. 115-119

Soldano, L.B, de Vreede, A.H., Smit, M.K., Verbeek, B.H., Metaal, E.G., Groen, F.H., 1994. Mach-zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsPLnP. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Volume 6(3), pp. 402-405

Soldano, L.B, Pennings, E.C.M, 1995. Optical Multi-mode Interference Devices based on Self-imaging: Principles and Applications. Journal of Lightwave Technology, Volume 13(4), pp. 615-627

Soldano, L.B., Veerman, F.B., Smit, M.K., Verbeek, B.H., Dubost, A.H., Pennings, E.C.M., 1992. Planar Mono-mode Optical Couplers based on Multi-mode Interference Effects. Journal of Lightwave Technology, Volume 30(7), pp. 1843-1850

Stolz, A., Considine, L., Dogeche, E., Pavlidis, D., Decoster, D., 2012. Prospective for Galium Nitride-based Optical Waveguide Modulators. IEICE Transaction on Electronic, Volume E95.C(8), pp. 1363-1368

Tao, S.H., Fang, Q., Song, J,F., Yu, M.B., Lo, G.Q., Kwong, D.L., 2008. Cascade Wide-angle Y-junction 1×16 Optical Power Splitter based on Silicon Wire Waveguides on Silicon-on-insulator. Optic Express, Volume 16(26), pp. 21456-21461

Ulrich, R., Adele, G., 1975. Self-imaging in Homogeneous Planar Optical Waveguides. Applied Physics Letters, Volume 27(6), pp. 337-339

Wang, L.L., An, J., Wu, Y., Zhang, I., Wang, Y., Li, J., Wang, H., Zhang, X., Pan, P., Zhon, F., Zha, Q., Hu, X., Zhao, D., 2014. Design and Fabrication of Novel Symmetric Low-loss 1×24 Optical Power Splitter. Journal of Lightwave Technology,Volume 32(18), pp. 3112-3118

Wei, H., Yu, J., Liu, Z., Zhang, X., Shi, W., Fang, C., 2001. Fabrication of 4×4 Tapered MMI Coupler with Large Cross Section. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Volume 13(5), pp. 466-468

Yamauchi, T., Ando, Nakano, H., 1991. Beam Propagation Analysis of Optical Fibers by Alternating Direction Implicit Method. Electronics Letters, Volume 27(18), pp. 1663-1665