• Vol 7, No 4 (2016)
  • Chemical Engineering

Biogas from Palm Oil Mill Effluent: Characterization and Removal of CO2 using Modified Clinoptilolite Zeolites in a Fixed-Bed Column

Eny Kusrini, Maya Lukita, Misri Gozan, Bambang Heru Susanto, Teguh Wikan Widodo, Dedy Alharis Nasution, Shella Wu, Arif Rahman, Yusraini Dian Inayati Siregar


Cite this article as:

Kusrini, E., Lukita, M., Gozan, M., Susanto, B.H., Widodo, T.W., Nasution, D.A., Wu, S., Rahman, A., Siregar, Y.D.I., 2016. Biogas from Palm Oil Mill Effluent: Characterization and Removal of CO2 using Modified Clinoptilolite Zeolites in a Fixed-Bed Column. International Journal of Technology. Volume 7(4), pp.625-634

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Eny Kusrini Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Maya Lukita Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Misri Gozan Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Bambang Heru Susanto Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Teguh Wikan Widodo Center for Development of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Agriculture, Tangerang, Indonesia
Dedy Alharis Nasution Center for Development of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Agriculture, Tangerang, Indonesia
Shella Wu Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Arif Rahman Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Yusraini Dian Inayati Siregar Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Sharif Hidayatualloh, Ciputat, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract
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The main focus of this article was to investigate the potential of natural zeolite adsorbent for the removal of CO2 and H2S in biogas produced from palm oil mill effluent (POME) in fixed-bed column adsorption. The effects of the flowrates and dosage of the adsorbent on the CO2 adsorption were also studied. The surface area of the adsorbent was determined using the Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller (BET) model, while the pore size distribution was calculated according to the Barrett, Joyner, and Halenda (BJH) model. The morphology of the adsorbent was determined by field emission scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray (FESEM-EDX) analysis. Before and after purification, the biogas was analyzed by gas chromatography with a thermal conductivity detector and polydimethylsiloxane as a column. Biogas from the POME, via the anaerobic digestion process, produced 89% CH4 and 11% CO2. The surface and structure of the clinoptilolite zeolites was modified by a strong acid (1M HCl), strong base (1M NaOH), and calcination at 450°C, and the surface area of the natural zeolites was reduced up to 16%. The working capability of CO2 adsorption by the modified zeolites decreased with increasing flow rates (100, 200, and 300 mL/min) of the biogas, with levels of CO2 at 106,906, 112,237, and 115,256 mg/L. The removal of the CO2 in the biogas by using adsorbent dosages of 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 g was 97,878, 97,404 and 93,855 mg/L, respectively. The optimum purification of the biogas occurred under the flow rate of 100 mL/min and adsorbent dosage of 2.5 g. The high working capability of the modified zeolites for the removal of CO2 in the biogas was a key factor, and the most important characteristic for the adsorbent. The results indicate that clinoptilolite zeolites are promising adsorbent materials for both the purification and upgrading of biogas.

Biogas, Clinoptilolite zeolite, Fixed-bed column adsorption, Palm oil mill effluent, Purification

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