• Vol 7, No 2 (2016)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Thermal Properties of Beeswax/CuO Nano Phase-change Material Used for Thermal Energy Storage

Nandy Putra, Erwin Prawiro, Muhammad Amin


Cite this article as:

Putra, N., Prawiro, E., Amin, M., 2016. Thermal Properties of Beeswax/CuO Nano Phase-change Material Used for Thermal Energy Storage. International Journal of Technology. Volume 7(2), pp.244-253

144
Downloads
Nandy Putra Applied Heat Transfer Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Erwin Prawiro Applied Heat Transfer Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Muhammad Amin Applied Heat Transfer Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract
image

Experimentation on and implementation of phase-change materials for thermal storage is attracting increasing attention by those seeking a potential resolution to energy issues. This study investigates beeswax as a high thermal-capacity phase-change material with the objective of analyzing the thermal properties and behaviors of beeswax/CuO nano-PCM. The study uses differential scanning calorimetry apparatus to measure the melting temperature and thermal capacity of nano-PCMs. The study found nano-PCM melting temperatures of 63.62°C, 63.59°C, 63.66°C, 63.19°C, and 62.45°C at 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, and 0.25 wt%, respectively. FTIR testing found no chemical reaction between CuO and beeswax. The existence of CuO nanoparticles enhanced thermal conductivity of beeswax but reduced its heat capacity. However, the change in latent heat caused no significant effects in the performance of beeswax/CuO. Thus, the results showed that heat transfer of composite beeswax/CuO melts faster than base phase-change material

Beeswax/CuO, Nano particles, Thermal storage, Latent heat, Thermal conductivity

References

ASEAN-USIAD, Building energy conservation project, 1992.

Marzuki A. and Rusman, Energy Audit for PT National Gardening Building, 2012, ISSN 1693-9085.

C.GuO., W.Zhang, Numerical simulation and parametric study on new type of high temperature latent heat thermal energy storage system, Energy Convers. Manage. 49 (2008) 919-927

A. Kaizawa, H.Kamano, A. Kawai. Thermal and flow behaviors in heat transportation container using phase change material, Energy Convers. Manage. 49 (2008) 698-706

H.Yin, X.Gao, J.Ding. Experimental research on heat transfer mechanism of heat sink with composite phase chang materials, Energy Convers. Manage/ 49 (2008) 1740-1746.

Lane GA., Solar heat storage-latent heat materials, vol.I. Boca Raton, FL: CRC PressInc, 1983.

Sharma A. Tyagi V.V., Chen C.R., Buddhi D., Review on thermal energy storage with phase change materials and applications, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 13 (2009) 318-345.

Pillai K. K., Brinkwarth BJ. The storage of low grade thermal energy using phase change materials. Appl Energy 1976; 2:205-216.

Abhat A. Low temperature latent heat thermal energy storage: heat storage materials. Solar Energy 1981;30(4);313-312.

A. Sari, A. Karaipekli, Thermal conductivity and latent heat thermal energy storage characteristics of paraffin/ expanded graphite composite as phase change material, Appl. Therm. Eng. 27 (2007) 1271-1277.

Harkrishnan S., Kalaiselvam S., Preparation and thermal characteristics of CuO-oleic acid nanofluids as phase change material, Thermochimica Acta. 533 (2012) 46-55.

S. Ozerinc, S. Kakac, A.G. Yazicioglu, Enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids: a state-of-the-art review, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 8 (2010) 145-170

Harikrishnan S., Magesh S., Kalaiselvam S., Preparation and thermal energy storage behavior of stearic acid-TiO2 nanofluids as phase change material for solar heating systems, Thermochimica acta. 565 (2013) 137-145.

Zi Tao Yu Increased thermal conductivity of liquid paraffin-based suspensions in the presence of carbon nano-additives of various sizes and shapes, CARBON 53 (2013) 277-285.

Taufik A., Kalim I., Saleh R., Preparation, characterization and photocatalytic activity of multifunctional Fe3O4/ZnO/CuO hybrid nanoparticles, Material Science Forum Vol. 827 (2015) pp 37-42

Ravi Ramnan-Singh. Formulation and thermophysical analysis of a beeswax micro emulsion and the experimental calculation of its heat transfer coefficient, Thesis master of engineering (2012).

R.Y. Hong. Preparation, characterization and application of Fe3O4/ZnO core/shell magnetic nanoparticles, Mater.Res. Bull. 43 (2008) 2457-2468.

J.L. Zeng, L.X. Sun, F. Xu ., Study of a PCM based energy storage system containing Ag nanoparticles, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 87 (2007) 369-373.

S.A. Ibrahim, S. Sreekantan, Effect of pH on TiO2 nanoparticles via sol gel method, in: Proceedings o International Conference on X-rays and Related Techniques in Research and Industry, Malaysia, 2010, pp. 84-87.

Chieruzzi M, Effect of nanoparticles on heat capacity of nanofluids based on molten salts as PCM for thermal energy storage, Nanoscale Research Letters. 2013 8448.

Zabalegui A., Lokapur D., Lee H., Nanofluid PCMs for thermal energy storage: latent heat reduction mechanisms and a numerical study of effective thermal energy performance. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 78 (2014) 1145-1154.

S. Wu, D. Zhu, X. Zhang, Preparation and melting/freezing characteristics of Cu/paraffin nanofluids as phase-change material (PCM), Energy Fuel 24 (2010) 1894-188.

Table of Contents