• Vol 6, No 7 (2015)
  • Chemical Engineering

Effect of Biomass Types on Bio-oil Characteristics in a Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Process with a Ni/ZSM-5 Catalyst

Widodo Wahyu Purwanto, Dijan Supramono, Rahma Muthia, Muhamad Fakri Firdaus

Corresponding email: nelson@che.ui.ac.id


Published at : 30 Dec 2015
IJtech : IJtech Vol 6, No 7 (2015)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v6i7.1863

Cite this article as:

Purwanto, W.W., Supramono, D., Muthia, R., Firdaus, M.F., 2015. Effect of Biomass Types on Bio-oil Characteristics in a Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Process with a Ni/ZSM-5 Catalyst. International Journal of Technology. Volume 6(7), pp.1069-1075

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Widodo Wahyu Purwanto Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Dijan Supramono Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Rahma Muthia Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Muhamad Fakri Firdaus Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract
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The application of bio-oil for biofuel has been limited due to its low heating value, high acidity and high oxygenate content. Pursuant to the urgency of obtaining access to sustainable energy from renewable resources, the studies for bio-oil upgrading have been recently placed in high priority. This study is aimed at identifying the effect of biomass types on bio-oil product characteristics. The conversion of several types of biomass, i.e. rice straw, rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis), and palm Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) to bio-oil by-products was investigated in a Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis (CFP) reactor using a Ni/ZSM-5 nickel nitrate and zeolite catalyst at 550oC and at atmospheric pressure. The results show that Ni/ZSM-5 catalyst has actively enhanced the de-oxygenation reaction process and aromatic production. The composition of aromatic compounds in bio-oil from rubberwood, rice straw, and EFB are 10.25 wt%, 7.8 wt%, and 5.98 wt%, respectively. In the absence of a catalyst, bio-oil from rice straw contains no aromatics.

Aromatic, Bio-oil, Catalytic fast pyrolysis, Ni/ZSM-5

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