• Vol 6, No 7 (2015)
  • Chemical Engineering

Sea Water Desalination using Debaryomyces hansenii with Microbial Desalination Cell Technology

Tania Surya Utami, Rita Arbianti, Beta Nadia Manaf


Published at : 30 Dec 2015
IJtech : IJtech Vol 6, No 7 (2015)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v6i7.1368

Cite this article as:
Utami, T.S., Arbianti, R., Manaf, B.N., 2015. Sea Water Desalination using Debaryomyces hansenii with Microbial Desalination Cell Technology. International Journal of Technology. Volume 6(7), pp.1094-1100
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Tania Surya Utami Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Rita Arbianti Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Beta Nadia Manaf Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract
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Desalination is a way to process sea water with a high salinity level, which makes water non-consumable. Various desalination technologies, such as distillation, vapor compression, and reverse osmosis, have been developed but require energy and large financial investments. Microbial desalination cell (MDC) is a modified desalination technology of a microbial fuel cell that can remove salt content in water with the help of microorganisms through organic matter degradation. This research used Debaryomyces hansenii to degrade organic material in the anode chamber. The ratio of the volume chamber, the volume ratio of culture:substrate, and the volume progression of the culture and substrate were evaluated in terms of salt removal and electricity generation. This research shows that MDC using a 9:1:9 ratio of the volume chamber, a culture:substrate ratio of 2:3 (v/v), and a volume progression of the culture and substrate of 1.5 times gave the best desalination performance: a salt removal level of 55.03%

Debaryomyces hansenii, Desalination, Microbial Desalination Cell, Salt removal, Single culture

References

Betts, K., 2009. Using Microbes and Wastewater to Desalinate Water. Environmental Science and Technology, Volume 43(18), pp. 6895

Breuer, U., Harms, H.., 2006. Review: Debaryomyces hansenii – An Extremophilic Yeast with Biotechnological Potential. Yeast, Volume 23(6), pp. 415–437

Cao, X., Huang, X., Liang, P., Xiao, K., Zhou, Y., Zhang, X., Logan, B.E., 2009. A New Method for Water Desalination using Microbial Desalination Cell. Journal of Environment Science Technology, Volume 43(18), pp. 7148–7152

Jacobson, K.S., Drew, D.M., He, Z., 2011. Efficient Salt Removal in a Continuously Operated Up Flow Microbial Desalination Cell with an Air Cathode. Bioresource Technology, Volume 102(1), pp. 376–380

Kartiko, B., 2013. Desalination using MDC (Microbial Desalination Cell) with Culture of Saccharomyces Cerevisia. In: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Chemical Engineering in Conjunction with STKSR, Bandung, 10-11 October 2013, Indonesia

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Ren, Z., 2006. Bioenergy Production and Desalination using Microbial Fuel Cell Technologies. University of Colorado Denver, Department of Civil Engineering

Widdel, F., 2011. Theory and Measurement of Bacterial Growth. Max-Planck-Institut für marine Mikrobiologie für Studierende der Universität Bremen

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