• Vol 6, No 7 (2015)
  • Chemical Engineering

Synthesis and Characterization of Titania Nanotube-Carbon Nanotube Composite for Degradation of Phenol

Desi Heltina, Praswasti PDK Wulan, Slamet


Published at : 30 Dec 2015
IJtech : IJtech Vol 6, No 7 (2015)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v6i7.1280

Cite this article as:

Heltina, D., Wulan, P.P., Slamet, 2015. Synthesis and Characterization of Titania Nanotube-Carbon Nanotube Composite for Degradation of Phenol. International Journal of Technology. Volume 6(7), pp. 1137-1145

157
Downloads
Desi Heltina Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Praswasti PDK Wulan Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Slamet Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract
image

Titania nanotube (TNT)-carbon nanotube (CNT) composite had been successfully synthesized using simple mixing under acidic conditions and ultrasonic treatment. The samples were further characterized via field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X–ray diffraction (XRD), diffuse re?ectance UV-vis spectroscopy, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The TNT–CNT composite’s ability to degrade phenol, a model of industrial waste, was tested. The effects of CNT composition and calcination temperature on the phenol degradation performance of TNT-CNT composite were investigated. The results show that the TNT-CNT composite exhibits higher photocatalytic activity than TNT or CNT alone. The crystallinity of the catalyst is not the only parameter affecting the photocatalytic activity. Rather, the specific surface area, bandgap, and morphology of the catalyst must also be considered.

Degradation, Phenol, Photocatalysis, Titania nanotube - Carbon nanotube composite

References

Dumitriu, D., 2000. Photocatalytic Degradation of Phenol by TiO2 Thin Films Prepared by Sputtering, Ppl. Catal. B: Environ., Volume 25, pp. 83–92

Eder, D., Windle, A.H., 2008. Carbon-Inorganic Hybrid Materials: The Carbon-Nanotube/TiO2 Interface. Adv. Mater., Volume 20(9), pp. 1787–1793

Gondal, M. A., Seddigi, Z., 2006. Laser-induced Photo-catalytic Removal of Phenol using n-type WO3 Semiconductor Catalyst. Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 417, pp. 124–127

Jiang, T., Zhang, L., Ji, M., Wang, Q., Zhao, Q., Fu, X., Yin, H., 2013. Carbon Nanotubes/TiO2 Nanotubes Composite Photocatalysts for Efficient Degradation of Methyl Orange Dye. Particuology, Volume 11, pp. 737–742

Kasuga, T., Hiramatsu, M., Hoson, A., Sekino, T., Niihara, K., 1999. Titania Nanotubes Prepared by Chemical Processing. Advanced Materials, Volume 11, pp. 1307–1311

Liu, F., Lu, L., Xiao, P., He, H., Qiao, L., Zhang, Y., 2012. Effect of Oxygen Vacancies on Photocatalytic Efficiency of TiO2 Nanotubes Aggregation. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc, Volume 33, pp. 2255–2259

Luo, N., Jiang, Z., Shi, H., Cao, F., Xiao, T., Edwards, P.P., 2009. Photo-catalytic Conversion of Oxygenated Hydrocarbons to Hydrogen over Heteroatom-doped TiO2 Catalysts. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 34, pp. 125–129

Owen, T., 1996. Fundamentals of UV-visible Spectroscopy, Hewlett-Packard Company, in preparation

Ouyang, K., Xie, S., Ma, X., 2013. Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Supported on Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes under Simulated Solar Irradiation. J. Ceramics International., Volume 39, pp.7531–7536

Qamar, M., Yoon, C.R., Oh, H.J., Lee, N.H., Park, K., Kim, D.H., Lee, K.S., Lee, W.J., Kim, S.J., 2008. Preparation and Photocatalytic Activity of Nanotubes Obtained from Titanium Dioxide. Catalysis Today, Volume 131, pp. 3–14

Rao, K.V.S., Rachel, A., Subrahmanyam, M., Boule, P., 2003. Immobilization of TiO2 on Pumice Stone for the Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes and Dye Industry Pollutants. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Volume 46, pp. 77–85

Serpone, S., Emelie, V., 2002. Suggested Terms and Definitions in Photocatalysis and Radiocatalysis. Int. J. of Photoenergy, Volume 4, pp. 91–131

Shifu, C., Gengyu, C., 2005. Photocatalytic Degradation of Organophosphorus Pesticides using Floating Photocatalyst TiO2/beads by Sunlight. Solar Energy, Volume 79, pp. 1–9

Slamet, Nasution, H.W., Purnama, E., Kosela, S., Gunlazuardi, J., 2005. Photocatalytic Reduction of CO2 on Copper-doped Titania Catalyst Prepared by Improved-Impregnation Method. Catalysis Communications, Volume 6, pp. 313–319

Slamet, Bismo, S., Fasa, A.F., Jabbar, A., Putera, A., 2010. Performance Test of a Novel Tubular V-Collector for Phenol Removal from Aqueous Solutions over TiO2-Activated Carbon Composites. World Applied Sciences Journal, Volume 8, pp. 672–679

Slamet, Tristantini, D.,Valentina, Ibadurrohman, M., 2013. Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Glycerol–water Mixture over Pt-N-TiO2 Nanotube Photocatalyst. Int. J. Energy Res., Volume 37, pp. 1372–1381

Tang, Z., Li, F., Zhang, Y., Fu, X., Xu, Y., 2011., Composites of Titanate Nanotube and Carbon Nanotube as Photocatalyst with High Mineralization Ratio for Gas-Phase Degradation of Volatile Aromatic Pollutant Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Volume 115, pp. 7880–7886

Vatanpour, V., Madaeni, S.S., Moradian, R., Zinadini, S., Astinchap, B., 2012. Novel Antibifouling Nanofiltration Polyethersulfone Membrane Fabricated from Embedding TiO2 Coated Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes. Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 90, pp. 69–82

Vijayan, B.K., Dimitrijevic, N.M., Finkelstein-Shapiro, D., Wu, J., Gray, K.A., 2012., Coupling Titania Nanotubes and Carbon Nanotubes to Create Photocatalytic Nanocomposites. ACS Catalysis, Volume 2, pp. 223–229

Wang, S., Zhou, S., 2011. Photodegradation of Methyl Orange by Photocatalyst of CNTs/P-TiO2 under UV and Visible-light Irradiation. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 185, pp. 77–85

Wong, C.L., Tan, Y.N., Mohamed, A.R., 2011. Photocatalytic Degradation of Phenol using Immobilized TiO2 Nanotube Photocatalysts. Journal of Nanotechnology, 2011. Article ID 904629, pp. 1–9

Yu, Y., Yu, J.C., Chan, C.-Y., Che, Y.-K., Zhao, J.-C., Ding, L., Ge, W.-K. Wong, P.-K., 2005. Enhancement of Adsorption and Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 by using Carbon Nanotubes for the Treatment of Azo Dye. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Volume 61, pp. 1–11

Zhang, D., Fu, H., Shi, L., Fang, J., Li, Q., 2006. Carbon Nanotube Assisted Synthesis of CeO2 Nanotubes. J. Sol. State Chem., Volume 180, pp. 654–660


Table of Contents