• Vol 6, No 7 (2015)
  • Chemical Engineering

The Removal of Dissolved Ammonia from Wastewater through a Polypropylene Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactor

A.P. Sangaji, A.M. Ramadhan, Sutrasno Kartohardjono, M.I. Fermi, Yuliusman , K. Elkardiana

Corresponding email:


Published at : 17 Dec 2015
IJtech : IJtech Vol 6, No 7 (2015)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v6i7.1845

Cite this article as:

Sangaji, A., Ramadhan, A., Kartohardjono, S., Fermi, M., Yuliusman, Elkardiana, K., 2015. The Removal of Dissolved Ammonia from Wastewater through a Polypropylene Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactor. International Journal of Technology. Volume 6(7), pp. 1146-1152

275
Downloads
A.P. Sangaji Intensification Process Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
A.M. Ramadhan Intensification Process Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Sutrasno Kartohardjono Intensification Process Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
M.I. Fermi Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Riau, Kampus Bina Widya, Jl. HR Subantas KM 12. 5, Simpang Baru, Tampan, Riau 28293, Indonesia
Yuliusman Intensification Process Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
K. Elkardiana Intensification Process Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract
image

This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a polypropylene hollow fiber membrane contactor in removing dissolved ammonia in wastewater using sulfuric acid solution as an absorbent. In the ammonia removal experiments, wastewater and absorbent solutions flowed through the shell side and the lumen side of the contactor, respectively. The pH of wastewater, rate of circulation and ammonia initial concentration were operating variables which influenced the efficiency of the removal process. The efficiency of ammonia removal increases with the wastewater pH level when it is at the same circulation rate and time. In addition, the increase in the circulation rate of the wastewater will increase the efficiency of ammonia removal and the overall mass transfer coefficient. Meanwhile, the efficiency of ammonia removal and the overall mass transfer coefficient decreased with initial ammonia concentration in the wastewater solution.

Ammonia, Efficiency of ammonia removal, Mass transfer, Polypropylene

References

Ashrafizadeh, S.N., Khorasani, Z., 2010. Ammonia Removal from Aqueous Solutions using Hollow-fiber Membrane Contactors. Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 162(1), pp. 242–249

Bonmat??, A., Flotats, X., 2003. Air Stripping of Ammonia from Pig Slurry: Characterisation and Feasibility as a Pre- or Post-treatment to Mesophilic Anaerobic Digestion. Waste Management, Volume 23(3), pp. 261–272

Ding, Z., Liu, L., Li, Z., Ma, R., Yang, Z., 2006. Experimental Study of Ammonia Removal from Water by Membrane Distillation (MD): The Comparison of Three Configurations. Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 286(1–2), pp. 93–103

El-Bourawi, M.S., Khayet, M., Ma, R., Ding, Z., Li, Z., Zhang, X., 2007. Application of Vacuum Membrane Distillation for Ammonia Removal. Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 301(1-2), pp. 200–209

Hasano?lu, A., Romero, J., Pérez, B., Plaza, A., 2010. Ammonia Removal from Wastewater Streams through Membrane Contactors: Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of Operation Parameters and Configuration. Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 160(2), pp. 530–537

Kartohardjono, S., Handayani, P.L., Deflin, S., Nuraeni , Y., Bismo, S., 2012b. Ammonia Removal from Wastewater through Combination of Absorption Process in the Membrane Contactor and Advance Oxydation Process in Hybrid Plasma-ozone Reactor. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, Volume 1, pp. 1101–1107

Kartohardjono, S., Putri, M.H., Fahmiati, S., Fitriasari, E., Ajeng, C., Bismo, S., 2012a. Combination of Ozonation Process and Absorption through Membrane Contactor using Natural Hot Spring Water as Absorbent to Remove Ammonia from Wastewater. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, Volume 1(4), pp. 428–433

Mandowara, A., Bhattacharya, P.K., 2009. Membrane Contactor as Degasser Operated under Vacuum for Ammonia Removal from Water: A Numerical Simulation of Mass Transfer under Laminar Flow Conditions. Computers & Chemical Engineering, Volume 33(6), pp. 1123–1131

Saksono, N., Adiwidodo, B.P., Karamah, E.F., Kartohardjono, S., 2013. Contact Glow Discharge Electrolysis System for Treatment of Wastewater Containing Ammonia. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Volume 6(1), pp. 41–49

Xie, Z., Duong, T., Hoang, M., Nguyen, C., Bolto, B., 2009. Ammonia Removal by Sweep Gas Membrane Distillation. Water Research, Volume 43(6), pp. 1693–1699

Table of Contents