• Vol 6, No 4 (2015)
  • Civil Engineering

Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Glycerol-water over Metal Loaded and Non-metal Doped Titanium Oxide

Slamet , Eny Kusrini, Agus Salim Afrozi, Muhammad Ibadurrohman

Cite this article as:

Slamet, Kusrini, E., Afrozi, A.S., Ibadurrohman, M., 2015. Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Glycerol-water over Metal Loaded and Non-metal Doped Titanium Oxide. International Journal of Technology. Volume 6(4), pp. 520-532

Slamet Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Eny Kusrini Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Agus Salim Afrozi Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Muhammad Ibadurrohman Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author


Modifications of the TiO2 P25 photocatalyst with metals: Platinum (Pt), Copper (Cu) and non-metal: Nitrogen (N) doping to produce Hydrogen (H2) from a glycerol-water mixture have been investigated. The metals (Pt and Cu) were loaded into Titanium Dioxide (TiO2 ) surface by employing an impregnation and Photo-Assisted Deposition (PAD) method, respectively. As prepared the metal doped TiO2 photocatalyst was then dispersed into an ammonia solution to obtain N-doped photocatalysts. The modified photocatalysts were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Ultraviolet-Visible Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS). XRD patterns indicated that the modified TiO2 photocatalysts have a nano-size crystallite range of 16-23 nm, while the DRS analysis showed that the doping of both metal and non-metal into TiO2 photocatalysts could effectively shift photon absorption to the visible light region. The optimum Cu loading of Cu-N-TiO2 was found to be 5%, resulting in a 10 times higher H2 production improvement level when compared to unloaded TiO2, even though this is still considered to be inferior compared to that of a 1% Pt loading, which results in a 34 times higher level than an unmodified TiO2photocatalyst. The effect of glycerol concentrations on hydrogen production has also been studied. This method offers a promising technology to find renewable and clean energy by using cheap materials and a simple technology.

Glycerol, Hydrogen production, Nanocomposite, Photocatalyst, TiO2


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