• Vol 4, No 3 (2013)
  • Architecture

From Bricks to Bytes: Digitizing Green Cities

Diane Valerie Wildsmith, Phil Smith

Publish at : 01 Jul 2013 - 00:00
IJtech : IJtech Vol 4, No 3 (2013)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v4i3.114

Cite this article as:
Wildsmith, D.V.., & Smith, P.. 2018. From Bricks to Bytes: Digitizing Green Cities. International Journal of Technology. Volume 4(3), pp.269-279
Diane Valerie Wildsmith Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok 16424, Indonesia
Phil Smith Visiting Scholar VEPR, Vietnam National University, Hanoi
Email to Corresponding Author


The research is focused on green cities and the role of digital media in the development of corporate sponsorship for high tech green cities currently under construction (e.g., Masdar in Abu Dhabi, Songdo in South Korea, PlanIT Valley in Portugal). The urban imaginary of virtual green cities is linked to an ecological cyberspace that promotes futuristic images of green cities, such as Vincent Callebaut’s Hydrogenase (2010)—a transport hub for an algae farm and biohydrogen airships. These images of sustainable green cities pose a challenge to defining ecological civic space and green architecture, especially in the transformation of Jakarta into an eco-architectural hub that balances social, economic, and environmental issues. The role of Google Earth and digital maps must not be underestimated in digitizing the “bytes” and realizing design scenarios for the “bricks” of green cities, including those options related to traffic planning simulations, water catchment scenarios, disaster/flood planning, and social media simulation for crowd control and governance issues.

Civic space, Glocal, Green architecture


Alusi, A., Eccles, R., Edmondson. A., Zuzul, T., 2011. Sustainable Cities: Oxymoron or the Shape of the Future, Harvard Business School, Working Paper.

Boyer, M.C., 1996. Cybercities, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, p. 14.

Callebaut, V., 2010. Hydrogenase Algae Farm to Recycle CO2 for Biohydrogen Airships, Shanghai, 2010. Available at:http://vincent.callebaut.org/page1-img-hydrogenase.html

Cities in the Cloud: A Living PlanIT Introduction to Future City Technologies, 2011. White paper pdf edition, p. 3. Available at: http://living-planit.com/planit

Citronot, L., 2013. Jakarta Hit Again by Flooding. Accessed February 7, 2013. Available at: http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=Flood+Thamrin+Jakarta+2013&view=detail&id=4 ABE67DCE3A2270FADA39DC3D8D99A9FBB361C3C&FORM=IDFRIR

Gangnam Style Flash Mob, an Illegal Mob Happy Holiday Indonesia. Accessed September 9, 2012. Available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lh1edaOa514

Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP), 2007. Making TransJakarta Busway a world class BRT system. Available at: http://www.itdp.org/documents/Presentation_to_Gov_6Nov07.pdf; and Implementing Low Carbon Public Transport in Jakarta Project, March 2012, downloaded from http://www.itdp-indonesia.org/images/stories/Publication/Report/reeep%202%20-%20optimized%20transjakarta%20network.pdf

Jabareen, Y., 2008. A New Conceptual Framework for Sustainable Development. Environment, Development and Sustainability, Volume 10, pp. 179-192.

Kien, L.C., 2010. States and States: Colonial and National Governances of Civic Space in Southeast Asia. In: UI International Conference on Civic Space (1), A Joint Conference of University of British Columbia and University of Indonesia, August 3–5, 2010, Department of Literary Studies and Department of Architecture, Universitas Indonesia, Depok.

Kurniawan, K.R., 2013. Space and Symbols: The History of the Hotel Indonesia Roundabout, Unpublished Results, Seminar on Architectural History, Buffalo, New York, USA.

Salkin, P.E., 2011. From Bricks and Mortar to Mega-bytes and Mega-pixels: The Changing Landscape of the Impact of Technology and Innovation on Urban Development, The Urban Lawyer, Fall 42-4/43-1, Available at: http://works.bepress.com/patricia_salkin

Satterthwaite, D., 1997. Sustainable Cities or Cities that Contribute to Sustainable Development. Urban Studies, Volume 34(10), pp. 1667-1691.

Shatkin, G., 2008. The Modern City: State, Space, and Citizenship in Urban Asia. The Journal of the International Institute, Volume 16(1). Available at: http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/p/pod/dod-idx/state-spacecitizenship. pdf?c=jii;idno=4750978.0016.101

Stev, 2012. ‘Gangnam Style’ Flash Mob Hits Jakarta Bundaran HI Landmark. Accessed September 13, 2013. Available at: http://indoboom.com

Sweet, R. editor, 2010. Wembley City Developer Quintain Now on Board for PlanIT Valley, Portugal’s Futuristic Eco-city, Construction Research & Innovation, 25 November, downloaded from http://www.ciob.org.uk/news/wembley-city-developer-quintain-nowboard-planit-valley-portugal%E2%80%99s-futuristic-eco-city. See also http://www.ciob.org.uk/planitvalley

Tambun, L.T., 2012. Jokowi Plans to Boost Green Space in Jakarta. Accessed December 10, 2012. Available at: http://beritajakarta.com/2008/en/newsview.aspx?idwil=0&id=26374

Thompson, B., 2010. The Rise of the Instant City, Asia Infrastructure, Issue 1, p. 41. Available at: http://www.asianinfrastructure.com/article/The-rise-of-the-instant-city/

Wright, T.K., 2010. From Bricks to Bytes, Cities and Innovation, Regional Plan Association. Available at: http://www.rpa.org www.masdar.ae/ ; and www.openmint.net

Yigitcanlar, T., Velibeyoglu, K., Martinez-Fernandez, C., 2008. Rising Knowledge Cities: The Role of Urban Knowledge Precincts. Journal of Knowledge Management, Volume 12(5), pp. 8-20.