• Vol 4, No 1 (2013)
  • Civil Engineering

The Utilization and Maintenance of Abandoned Urban Farmland in Kansai Metropolitan Area, Japan

Yu Shibata


Cite this article as:
Shibata, Y., 2013. The Utilization and Maintenance of Abandoned Urban Farmland in Kansai Metropolitan Area, Japan. International Journal of Technology. Volume 4(1), pp. 15-23
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Yu Shibata Division of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Japan
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Abstract
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One of the characteristics of Japanese cities is that a lot of farmlands exist in the urban area. In addition, Japanese society is facing the issue of a depopulating society andit is thought that the demand for the urban land use will decrease. So it is necessary to show the direction of efficient utilization of the urban farmland for city planning. This study aims to clarify the amount of stock and the distribution of farmlands in the urban area and to clarify the characteristics of urban farmlands conservation efforts by new utilizations with new entities. The results of this study are as follows: 1) In the Kansai metropolitan area, 8,393 hectares of farmlands exist in 167,805 hectares of the Urbanization Promotion Area and the ratio of the farmland is 5.0%. 2) According to the literature search and the questionnaire survey, 9 types and 268 cases of the new utilizations of urban farmlands were collected in the Kansai metropolitan area. 3) As a result of the direct interview survey or hearing, it was clarified that the understanding offarmers and citizens is a big issue and the role of the intermediary organization is important to entrust the utilization and maintenance of abandoned farmlands by new entities.

City planning, Matching system, Multiple functions, Urban farmland, Urbanization Promotion Area

References

Matsumoto, K., Shibata, Y., Sawaki, M., 2008. A Study on the Characteristics of the Agricultural Landscape by Evaluating the Edge Lines between the Farmlands and the Adjoining Land-uses at the Metropolitan Fringe. Journal of the City Planning Institute of Japan 43(3), pp. 565-570.

Oba, R., Obase, R., 2001. A Study on the Allotment Gardens in Tokyo Area and the Financial Situation of Landowners. Journal of the City Planning Institute of Japan 36, pp. 283-288.

Yamamoto, S., Masuda, N., Shimomura, Y., Abe, D., Nakai, K., 1994. Study on the Existing Effect of Agricultural Land in Urban Area through the Questionnaires in Sakai. Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architects 57(5), pp. 373-378.