• Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
  • Civil Engineering

Investigating Commute Mode and Route Choice Variabilities in Jakarta Using Multi-Day GPS Data

Zainal N. Arifin, Kay W. Axhausen

Publish at : 01 Dec 2011
IJtech : IJtech Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v3i1.80

Cite this article as:
Arifin, Z.N., & Axhausen, K.W. 2017. Investigating Commute Mode and Route Choice Variabilities in Jakarta Using Multi-Day GPS Data. International Journal of Technology. Volume 3(1), pp.45-55
Zainal N. Arifin Institute for Transport Planning and Systems, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Wolfgang-Pauli Strasse 15, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
Kay W. Axhausen Institute for Transport Planning and Systems, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Wolfgang-Pauli Strasse 15, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
Email to Corresponding Author


This paper reports on findings regarding the day-to-day dynamic behavior of commuters’ mode and route choices in Jakarta. Ninety-three commuters using Global Positioning System (GPS) devices during a one-week period were observed. The observation proves the presence of dynamic behavior in choosing both modes and routes for commuting in Jakarta. Car drivers and motorcyclists frequently change their routes, especially during work-to-home trips. Motorcyclists were more dynamic in choosing their routes than were car drivers. This case study revealed a unique pattern of mode and route choice behavior, which can be used for developing a mode and route choice model for Jakarta.

Global positioning system (GPS), Jakarta, Mode choice, Route choice, Variability


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