• Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
  • Industrial Engineering

Ergonomic Evaluation of A Folding Bike Design Using Virtual Environment Modelling

Erlinda Muslim, Boy Nurtjahyo, Romadhani Ardi


Publish at : 01 Jun 2011
IJtech : IJtech Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v2i2.62

Cite this article as:
Muslim, E., Nurtjahyo, B., Ardi, R., 2011. Ergonomic Evaluation of A Folding Bike Design Using Virtual Environment Modelling. International Journal of Technology. Volume 2(2), pp. 122-129
149
Downloads
Erlinda Muslim Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424
Boy Nurtjahyo Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424
Romadhani Ardi Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract
image

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the ergonomics aspects of the first prototype of a folding bike designed by the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Indonesia (DME UI) in a virtual environment. Posture Evaluation Index (PEI) is used as an analysis approach that integrates the results of three methods: Low Back Analysis (LBA), Ovako Working Posture Analysis System (OWAS), and Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA). The objective is to determine the optimal design configuration of a folding bicycle based from an ergonomics perspective. For male and female riders, the optimal configuration is obtained when the height of the handlebar is 32 cm and the height of the saddle is 83 cm. This study proved that a virtual environment could strengthen the ergonomics evaluation, especially in posture condition exploration

Ergonomics, Folding bike, Posture Evaluation Index, Virtual environment

References

Arbogast, K.B., Cohen, J., Otoya, L., Winston, F.K., 2001. Protecting the Child’s Abdomen: a Retractable Bicycle Handlebar. Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp. 753-757.
Bressel, E., Bliss, S., Cronin, J., 2009. A Field-based Approach for Examining Bicycle Seat Design Effects on Seat Pressure and Perceived Stability. Applied Ergonomics, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp. 472-476.
Bressel, E., Cronin, J., 2005. Bicycle Seat Interface Pressure: Reliability, Validity, and Influence of Hand Position and Workload. Journal of Biomechanics, Volume 38, Issue 6, pp. 1325-1331
Bridger, R.S., 2003. Introduction to Ergonomics. London: Taylor & Francis Group. Caputo, F., Di Gironimo, G., Monacelli, G., Sessa, F., 2001. The Design of a Virtual Environment for Ergonomic Studies. XII ADM International Conference 2001.
Caputo, F., Di Gironimo, G., Marzano, A., 2006. Ergonomic Optimization of a Manufacturing System Work Cell in a Virtual Environment. Acta Polytechnica, Volume 46 No. 5/2006.
Cimino, A., Longo, F., Mirabelli, G., 2009. A Multimeasure-based Methodology for the Ergonomic Effective Design of Manufacturing System Workstations. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp. 447-455.
Di Gironimo, G., Monacelia, G., Patalano, S., 2004. A Design Methodology for Maintainability of Automotive Components in Virtual Environment. International Design Conference Design 2004.
Donkers, P.C.M., Toussaint, H.M., Molenbroek, J.F.M., Steenbekkers, L.P.A., 1993. Recommendations for the Assessment and Design of Young Children's Bicycles on the Basis of Anthropometric Data. Applied Ergonomics, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp. 109-118.
Duc, S., Betrucci, W., Pernin, J.N., Grappe, F., 2008. Muscular Activity During Uphill Cycling: Effect of Slope, Posture, Hand Grip Position and Constrained Bicycle Lateral Sways. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp. 116-127
Esyandi, D., 2008. Sepeda akan jadi kendaraan wajib di UI. Bisnis Indonesia.
Guitink, P., Holste S., Lebo J., 1994. Non-motorized Transport: Confronting Poverty through Affordable Mobility. http://www.worldbank.org/html/fpd/transport/publicat/td-ut4.htm
Kalawsky, R., 1993. The Science of Virtual Reality and Virtual Environments. Boston: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Laios, L., Giannatsis, J., 2010. Ergonomic Evaluation and Redesign of Children Bicycles Based on Anthropometric Data. Applied Ergonomics, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp. 428-435.
Lämkull, D., Hanson, L., Örtengren R., 2007. The Influence of Virtual Human Model Appearance on Visual Ergonomics Posture Evaluation. Applied Ergonomics, Volume 38, Issue 6, pp. 713-722
Lämkull, D., Hanson, L., Örtengren R., 2009. A Comparative Study of Digital Human Modelling Simulation Results and Their Outcomes in Reality: A Case Study within Manual Assembly of Automobiles. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Volume 39, Issue 2, Pg. 428-441.
Landau, K., Rademacher, H., Meschke, H., Winter, G., Schaub, K., Grasmueck, M., Moelbert, I., Sommer, M., Schulze, J., 2008. Musculoskeletal Disorders in Assembly Jobs in the Automotive Industry with Special Reference to Age Management Aspects. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. Volume 38, Issues 7-8, July-August 2008, pp. 561-576.
Li, K., Duffy, V.G., Zheng, L., 2006. Universal Accessibility Assessments through Virtual Interactive Design. International Journal Human Factors Modelling and Simulation, Volume 1, No. 1, pp. 52-68.
Lin, J.-R., Yang, T.-H., 2010. Strategic Design of Public Bicycle Sharing Systems with Service Level Constraints. Transport. Res. Part E.
McAtamney, L., Corlett, N., 1993. RULA: A Survey Method for the Investigation of Workrelated Upper Limb Disorder. Applied Ergonomics, pp. 91-99.
Paquet, V., Feathers, D., 2004. An Anthropometric Study of Manual and Powered Wheelchair users. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. Volume 33, Issue 3, March 2004, pp. 191-204.
Siemens PLM Software Inc., 2008. Jack Task Analysis Toolkit (TAT) Training Manual. California: Siemens PLM Southard, S.A., 2007. An Evaluation of Backpack Harness Systems in Non-neutral Torso Postures. Applied Ergonomics, Volume 38, Issue 5, September 2007, pp. 541-547.
UGS Tecnomatix, 2005. Jack Human Modeling and Simulation. http://www.ugs.com/ van Veelen, M.A., 2003. Improvement of foot pedals used during surgery based on new ergonomic guidelines. Surgical Endoscopy, Volume 17, Number 7