Vol 8, No 4 (2017) > Mechanical Engineering >

Kinetic Model Development for Biogas Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Manjula Ghatak, Pinakeswar Mahanta


Abstract: Lignocellulosic biomass has great potential for biogas production, but there are various factors which affect the performance of lignocellulosic biomass. Among the various factors, temperature is one of the important factors which play a significant role in biogas production from lignocellulosic biomass. Biogas production was studied for bamboo dust, sawdust, sugarcane bagasse and rice straw, all separately mixed with cattle dung. The effect of temperature on biogas production from various lignocellulosic biomasses was studied for temperature range from 35°C to 55°C at steps of 5°C. The objective of this work is to develop a mathematical model for evaluating the effect of temperature on the rate of biogas production from various lignocellulosic biomasses. The new mathematical model is derived by modification of the modified Gompertz model. The new model is found to be suitable for lignocellulosic biomass mixed with cattle dung in the temperature range 35°C to 55°C. The resulting estimated biogas production is found to be highly correlated to the experimental data of present study.
Keywords: Biogas; Kinetic study; Lignocellulosic biomass; Mathematical model; Temperature effect

Full PDF Download


Abdullahi, I., 2011. Effect of Kinetic Parameters on Biogas Production from Local Substrate using a Batch Feeding Digester. European Journal of Scientific Research, Volume 57, pp. 626−634

Budiyono, Widiasa I.N., Johari, S., Sunarso, 2010. The Influence of Total Solid Contents on Biogas Yield from Cattle Manure using Rumen Fluid Inoculums. Energy Research Journal, Volume 1, pp. 6−11

Castillo, R.T., Luengo, P.L., Alvarez, J.M., 1995. Temperature Effect on Anaerobic of Bedding Manure in a One Phase System at Different Inoculums Concentration. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Volume 54, pp. 55−66

Gavala, H.N., Yenal, U., Skiadas, I.V., Westermann, P., Ahring, B.K., 2003. Mesophilic and Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion of Primary and Secondary Sludge: Effect of Pre-treatment at Elevated Temperature. Journal of Water Research, Volume 37, pp. 4561−4572

Hills, D.J., Roberts, D.W., 1981. Anaerobic Digestion of Dairy Manure and Field Crop Residues. Agricultural Wastes, Volume 3, pp. 179−189

Ingraham, L.L., 1962. Biochemical Mechanisms. Wiley, New York

Mata-Alvarez, J., Mtz.-Viturtia, A., Llabr, Luengo, P., Cecchi, F., 1993. Kinetic and Performance Study of a Batch Two-phase Anaerobic Digestion of Fruit and Vegetable Wastes. Biomass and Bioenergy, Volume 5, pp. 481−488

Nopharatana, A., Pullammanappallil, P.C., Clarke, W.P., 2007. Kinetics and Dynamic Modeling of Batch Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste in a Stirred Reactor. Waste Management, Volume 27, pp. 595–603

Sarono, Suparno, O., Suprihatin, Hasanudin, U., 2016. The Performance of Biogas Production from Pome at Different Temperatures. International Journal of Technology. Volume 7(8), pp. 1413−1421

Sharma, A.K., 2011. Modeling and Simulation of a Downdraft Biomass Gasifier 1. Model Development and Validation. Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 52(2), pp. 1386–1396

Surjosatyo, A., Vidian, F., Nugroho, Y.S., 2014. Experimental Gasification of Biomass in an Updraft Gasifier with External Recirculation of Pyrolysis Gases. Journal of Combustion, Volume 2014, pp. 1−6

Winaya, I.N.S., Hartati, R.S., Lokantara, I.P., Subawa, I.G., Putrawan, I.M. A., 2015. Fluidized Bed Co-gasification of Coal and Solid Waste Fuels in an Air Gasifying Agent. International Journal of Technology, Volume 6(6), pp. 931−937

Yusuf, M.O.L., Debora, A., Ogheneruona, D.E., 2011. Ambient Temperature Kinetic Assessment of Biogas Production from Co-digestion of Horse and Cow-dung. Research in Agricultural Engineering, Volume 57, pp. 97−104