Vol 6, No 5 (2015) > Industrial Engineering >

Policy Analysis of the Jakarta Carbon Mitigation Plan using System Dynamics to Support Decision Making in Urban Development – Options for Policymakers

Akhmad Hidayatno, Irvanu Rahman, Ricki Muliadi



Cities are
facing ever greater challenges regarding climate change. Urban governments and policymakers have taken such challenges into account when maintaining
urban development momentum. Although the city government of Jakarta has
implemented several initiatives to reduce
emissions, assessments of the impact of these strategies on the sustainability of the urban system
remain limited. This paper investigates the evaluation of two mitigation
scenarios for reducing Jakarta’s greenhouse gases that differ in the authority
level of the local government, using a policy analysis approach. The method
emphasizes the use of the system dynamics model to gain insights into each
option. The results reveal that the city’s development goals would be best
achieved through joint partnership with the national government. Such
cooperation would have a more significant effect on economic, social, and
environmental sustainability than would be in the case in other scenarios. 

Keywords: Climate change mitigation; Greenhouse gases; Policy analysis; System dynamics; Urban sustainability

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