• Vol 6, No 5 (2015)
  • Industrial Engineering

Policy Analysis of the Jakarta Carbon Mitigation Plan using System Dynamics to Support Decision Making in Urban Development – Options for Policymakers

Akhmad Hidayatno, Irvanu Rahman, Ricki Muliadi


Publish at : 01 Sep 2015 - 00:00
IJtech : IJtech Vol 6, No 5 (2015)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v6i5.1926

Cite this article as:
Hidayatno, A.., & Rahman, I.Muliadi, R., 2015. Policy Analysis of the Jakarta Carbon Mitigation Plan using System Dynamics to Support Decision Making in Urban Development – Options for Policymakers. International Journal of Technology. Volume 6(5), pp.886-893
80
Downloads
Akhmad Hidayatno System Engineering, Modeling, and Simulation Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Irvanu Rahman System Engineering, Modeling, and Simulation Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Ricki Muliadi System Engineering, Modeling, and Simulation Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract

Cities are facing ever greater challenges regarding climate change. Urban governments and policymakers have taken such challenges into account when maintaining urban development momentum. Although the city government of Jakarta has implemented several initiatives to reduce emissions, assessments of the impact of these strategies on the sustainability of the urban system remain limited. This paper investigates the evaluation of two mitigation scenarios for reducing Jakarta’s greenhouse gases that differ in the authority level of the local government, using a policy analysis approach. The method emphasizes the use of the system dynamics model to gain insights into each option. The results reveal that the city’s development goals would be best achieved through joint partnership with the national government. Such cooperation would have a more significant effect on economic, social, and environmental sustainability than would be in the case in other scenarios.

Climate change mitigation; Greenhouse gases; Policy analysis; System dynamics; Urban sustainability

References

Bankes, S.C., 1993. Exploratory Modeling and the Use of Simulation for Policy Analysis. RAND Note

Barlas, Y., 2002. System Dynamics: Systemic Feedback Modeling for Policy Analysis. Encyclopedia of Life Support System, Bo?aziçi University, pp. 1131–1175

Bruijn, H.D., Herder, P.M., 2009. System and Actor Perspectives on Sociotechnical Systems. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics—Part A: Systems and Humans, Volume 39, pp. 981–992

Cole, M.A., Neumayer, E., 2006. The Impact of Poor Health on Total Factor Productivity. Routledge: Taylor & Francis, Journal of Development Studies, Volume 42(6), pp. 918–938

Feng, Y., Chen, S., Zhang, L., 2012. System Dynamics Modeling for Urban Energy Consumption and CO2 Emissions: A Case Study of Beijing, China. Ecological Modeling, Volume 252, pp. 44–52

Forrester, J.W., 1994. System Dynamics, Systems Thinking, and Soft OR. System Dynamics Review, Volume 10(2-3), pp. 245–256

Guan, D., Gao, W., Su, W., Li, H., Hokao, K., 2011. Modeling and Dynamic Assessment of Urban Economy–resource–environment System with a Coupled System Dynamics–geographic Information System Model. Elsevier - Ecological Indicators, Volume 1, pp. 1333–1344

Hansen, A.C., Selte, H.K., 1997. Air Pollution and Sick Leave – Is there a Connection? A Case Study using Air Pollution Data from Oslo. Statistics Norway, pp. 3–18

Hidayatno, A., Rahman, I., Muliadi, R., 2014. Understanding Dynamics of Green House Gases Impacts on Jakarta’s Urban Development using Model-based Policy Simulator to Support Policy Making. International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Bali: IEOM Society, pp. 1209–1214

Hidayatno, A., Sutrisno, A., Zagloel, Y.M., Purwanto, W., 2011. System Dynamics Sustanability Model of Palm-oil-based Biodiesel Production Chain in Indonesia. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume 11(3), pp. 1–6

IPCC, 2014. Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report - Summary for Policy Makers. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Kjellstrom, T., Friel, S., Dixon, J., Corvalan, C., Rehfuess, E., Campbell-

Lendrum, D., et al., 2007. Urban Environmental Health Hazards and Health Equity. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, Volume 84(1), pp. 86–97

Lankao, P.R., 2008. Urban Areas and Climate Change: Review of Current Issues and Trends, Issues Paper for the 2011 Global Report on Human Settlements

Lei, T.V., Eserink, B., Thissen, W., Bekebrede, G., 2011. How to use a System Diagram to Analyze and Structure Complex Problems for Policy Issue Papers. Journal of Operation Research Society, Volume 62(7), pp. 1391–1402

Madsen, T., Willcox, N., 2006. Air Pollution and Public Health in Pennsylvania. Penn Environment Research and Policy Center, Philadelphia

Millennium Institute, 2000. Threshold 21 (T21) Overview. USA: Millennium Institute

Ostro, B., 1994. Estimating the Health Impact of Air Pollution: Methodology and an Application to Jakarta. Policy Research Working Paper, Public Economic Division, Policy Research Department - The World Bank, Washington, DC

Patton, C.V., Sawicki, D.S., 1993. Basic Methods of Policy Analysis and Planning. New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Che, Z.M.M., Averyt, K., Miller, H., 2007. Climate Change - The Physical Science Basis. In: Contribution of the Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Sterman, J.D., 2000. Business Dynamics: System Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World. Boston: The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc

Walker, W.E. 1978. A Review of Models in the Policy Process. The RAND Paper Series, The RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California

Walker, W.E., 2000. Policy Analysis: A Systematic Approach to Supporting Policymaking in the Public Sector. Journal of Multi-criteria Decision Analysis, Volume 9, pp. 11–27