• Vol 6, No 5 (2015)
  • Civil Engineering

Estimation of Sediment Yield in a Small Urban Ungauged Watershed based on the Schaffernak Approach at Sugutamu Watershed, Ciliwung, West Java

Dwita Sutjiningsih, Herr Soeryantono, Evi Anggraheni


Publish at : 01 Oct 2015 - 00:00
IJtech : IJtech Vol 6, No 5 (2015)
DOI : https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v6i5.1182

Cite this article as:
Sutjiningsih, D., Soeryantono, H., Anggraheni, E., 2015. Estimation of Sediment Yield in a Small Urban Ungauged Watershed based on the Schaffernak Approach at Sugutamu Watershed, Ciliwung, West Java. International Journal of Technology. Volume 6(5), pp.809-818
72
Downloads
Dwita Sutjiningsih Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Herr Soeryantono Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Evi Anggraheni Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author

Abstract

The sediment yield is defined as the amount of sediment discharged by an area for a given period of time. Schaffernak proposed to estimate sediment yield in a watershed based on a sediment duration curve. The research objective is to test the applicability of a modified Schaffernak approach in estimating annual sediment yield in Sugutamu, a small urban watershed sub system of the Ciliwung River where hardly any necessary data is available. The discharge-duration curve is developed based on daily runoff simulation using a hydro logical model WinTR-55, while the sediment rating curve is derived based on field surveys and is developed only for a total suspended solid. The results of field surveys conducted in January 2015 were used for calibrating the physiographical parameters of the watershed as input data for WinTR-55, and the simulation was for the year 2014. Both calibration and simulation processes utilized the rainfall data from a nearby automatic rainfall recorder. The quantification of sediment yield resulted in 108.5 tons/km2/year, which is acceptable when compared to the results of similar studies. The results showed that sediment yield from ungauged watershed are possible to be quantified using modified Schaffernak approach in combination with WinTR-55 application. Further study is needed in order to validate the applicability of the approach in similar conditions.

Modified Schaffernak Approach; Sediment duration curve; Sediment yield; Small urban ungauged watershed; WinTR-55 Hydrological Model

References

BAKOSURTANAL, 1999. Peta Rupabumi 1:25,000 sheets number: 1209–421 & 1209–423

Chow, V.T., Maidment, D.R., Mays, L.W., 1988. Applied Hydrology. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Singapore

Curran-Cournane, F., Holwerda, N., Mitchell, F., 2013. Quantifying Catchment Sediment Yields in Auckland. In: Auckland Council Technical Report

Geetha, K., Mishra, S.K., Eldho, T.I., Rastogi, A.K., Pandey, R.P., 2007. Modifications to SCS-CN Method for Long-term Hydrologic Simulation. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Volume 133(5), pp. 475–486

Heng, S., Suetsugi, T., 2013. An Approach to the Model Use for Measuring Suspended Sediment Yield in Ungauged Catchments. American Journal of Environmental Science, Volume 9(4), pp. 367–376

Lin, C.Y., Lin, W.T., Chou, W.C., 2002. Soil Erosion Prediction and Sediment Yield Estimation: The Taiwan Experience. Soil & Tillage Research, Volume 68, pp. 143–152

Marsudiantoro, D.S.K., Soeryantono, H., Sihombing, I.R., Moersidik, S.S., Widayat, W.W., 1998. Estimation of Sediment Yield for Densely Populated Catchment Area Case Study: Cengkareng Drain System in West Java, Indonesia. In: Proceedings of FTUI Seminar Quality in Research, Civil Engineering & Architecture, Depok

Ndomba, P.M., 2013. Validation of PSIAC Model for Sediment Yields Estimation in Ungauged Catchments of Tanzania. International Journal of Geosciences, Volume 4, pp. 1101–1115

Ono, K., Akimoto, T., Gunawardhana, L. N., Kazama, S., Kawagoe, S., 2011. Distributed Specific Sediment Yield Estimations in Japan Attributed to Extreme-rainfall-induced Slope Failures under a Changing Climate. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., Volume 15, pp. 197–207

Rosen, T., Xu, Y. Jun, 2014. A Hydrograph-based Sediment Availability Assessment: Implications for Mississippi River Sediment Diversion. Water, Volume 6, pp. 564–583

Schaffernak, F., 1950. Grundriss der Flussmorphologie und des Flussbaues. Wien, Springer-Verlag

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 1986. Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds, Technical Release 55. Natural Resources Conservation Service, Conservation Engineering Division

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 1990. Hydrology Training Series, Module 206 A – Time of Concentration. Study Guide, Soil Conservation Service

Webb, R.H., Griffiths, P.G., Hartley, D.R., 2001. Techniques for Estimating Sediment Yield of Ungaged Tributaries on the Southern Colorado Plateau. In: Proceedings of the Seventh Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, Reno, Nevada

Wolman, M. Gordon, 1967. A Cycle of Sedimentation and Erosion in Urban River Channels. Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, Volume 49(2), pp. 385–395